Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Risks and Prevention

Breast cancer is the second most common type of breast cancer found in women. In fact, one out of every eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetimes.

If breast cancer is found early, it is usually treatable, but if it is not detected, it can spread throughout the body becoming quite serious.

This article will provide information about breast cancer so you know what to look out for.

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is cancer that develops in the cells of the breast. It occurs when breast cells begin to grow abnormally. The cells divide more rapidly than normal cells forming a lump or mass. They may spread through your body if they are not treated early on.

The cancer usually develops in the cells of the milk producing ducts but may also begin in the glandular tissue or other tissues of the breast.

Breast Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of breast cancer include the following:

·         A lump in the breast

·         A change in the size, shape or appearance of the breast

·         Changes in the skin of the breast such as dimpling

·         A newly inverted nipple

·         Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking in the pigmented area of the skin around the nipple or the skin of the breast

·         Redness or pitting on the skin of the breast

Risk Factors

Women that are not at risk can develop breast cancer but here are some factors that will make the cancer more likely to occur.

·         Being Female: Men can get breast cancer too, but it’s much more likely to occur in females.

·         Increased Age: The older you are, the more likely it is that you will get breast cancer.

·         A Personal History of Breast Cancer and Other Breast Conditions: If you’ve had breast cancer in one breast, it is likely it will occur in the other breast as well. Other conditions that increase the risk of breast cancer include lobular carcinoma in situ or atypical hyperplasia of the breast.

·         A Family History of Breast Cancer: if someone in your family had breast cancer, you may have gene mutations that increase your risk.

·         Radiation Exposure: If you’ve had radiation treatments, you are at a higher risk for breast cancer.

·         Obesity: Obesity increases your risk of breast cancer.

·         Never Having Been Pregnant: If you’ve never had a child, you’re more likely to develop breast cancer.

·         Drinking Alcohol: Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Prevention

Fortunately, there are steps you can take to decrease your risk of breast cancer. The right lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet and exercise will lower the chance that the disease will develop.

Getting regular screenings and mammograms and doing at home exams will also be helpful. That way, if cancer develops, it can be caught early on, before it has a chance to spread.

There are also preventative procedures such as chemoprevention and preventative surgeries. You may want to look into these options if your doctor has determined you are high risk.

Breast cancer is all too common of an occurrence. The tips in this article will lower your risk and help you detect cancer before it spreads. We wish you the best of luck staying happy and healthy. 

Get in touch